Freedom Of Assembly

Freedom of assembly is the citizens’ right to publicly gather together to express, advocate and achieve shared needs. Assembly encompasses the right to express dissent through meetings, demonstrations, protests and strikes. This civil liberty is an essential complement to freedom of association and expression. Assembly is one of the citizens’ tools to engage with governing bodies, other forms of authority and multinational organisations. Indeed, assembly channels and magnifies the democratic will, including that of minority groups and urges interlocutors to take citizens’ perspectives into consideration.

The United Nations Human Rights Council stated that:

“The ability to assemble and act collectively is vital to democratic, economic, social and personal development, to the expression of ideas and to fostering engaged citizenry. Assemblies can make a positive contribution to the development of democratic systems and, alongside elections, play a fundamental role in public participation, holding governments accountable and expressing the will of the people as part of the democratic processes”.

Governing bodies have the duty to provide a safe and empowering environment for people to come together and express their views. This responsibility includes ensuring access to public spaces, supplying protection in favour of and punishing violence against citizens exercising their freedom of assembly.

According to CIVICUS, emerging trends limiting the right to peaceful assembly include policing techniques such as the use of excessive or unlawful violence and undercover tactics, illegal or unreasonable refusal of authorisation to gather peacefully, denial of protection from violent counter-demonstrations.

In recent years, several European governments undertook anti-terror strategies that left legal loopholes failing to protect or even eroding freedom of assembly in the name of security of public places. These measures often led to a transfer of powers from the independent judicial sector to prefects and police authorities, who now have more discretion in regulating assemblies in public spaces.

Read Latest Alerts:

Article originally published by The Network of Police Monitoring on 26 November 2020 The Conservative government is planning to introduce major changes to public order legislation to crack down on protests, under a new “Protection of the Police and Public Bill” planned for 2021. In September, Home Secretary Priti Patel denounced ...
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Article originally published by Amnesty International on 16 November 2020 The sharp rise of COVID-19 cases in the past few weeks has led to a strict lockdown in Greece since 7 November 2020. As a response, the authorities introduced increased restrictions, including a curfew between 9 pm and 5 am ...
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Credits: MEP Tokia Saifi twitter
Migrants, journalists and civil society activists suffered disproportionate use of police force Article originally published by French by Liberation on 23 November 2020. With the help of associations and lawyers, the Place de la République had been occupied by exiles left homeless after the closure of the Saint-Denis camp. The ...
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Article originally published by Notes From Poland on 19 November 2020 Violence erupted in Warsaw last night, as police officers – many in plain clothes – used force, including tear gas and batons, against the latest protest in ongoing demonstrations that have emerged in response to a near-total ban on ...
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Article originally published by European Center for Not-for-Profit Law on 13 November 2020 On November 10, Hungary adopted new measures against the second wave of the pandemic. The Law on emergency measures against the second wave (Law CIX of 2020) extends the government's emergency powers and it may now effectively rule by ...
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Analysis by Filip Pazderski, Institute of Public Affairs Download it here  Introduction of first anti-pandemic measures and their influence on a civic space As the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic was developing in Europe officially since the end of February, the Polish government prepared a package of special legislation which was meant to ...
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Update: On 24 November 2020, the law was approved by the Assemblée Nationale. It will be discussed in January by the Senate. Read more: https://www.euronews.com/2020/11/24/brussels-tells-france-to-protect-journalists-as-mps-are-set-to-back-controversial-security. *** Analysis by Amnesty International France, published on 12 Nov. 2020, translated from French, original article accessible here  From 17 to 20 November, the National Assembly ...
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Analysis by Osservatorio Repressione Since the beginning of the health crisis, in Italy and elsewhere, various problems have emerged balancing constitutional rights seemingly conflicting. Balancing the safeguard of public health and the right of assembly in public places has been particularly risky. In recent months, too many decrees and ordinances ...
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Report on Slovenian civic space produced by the European Civic Forum for CIVICUS monitor. Background On 13th March 2020, only one day after the announcement of the COVID-19 pandemic in Slovenia, a new government was formed. Four political parties, led by the anti-migrant right-wing Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS), had already ...
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Last update: Poland delays planned abortion restrictions amid protests Poland’s rightwing government has delayed implementation of a controversial court ruling that would outlaw almost all abortion after it prompted the largest protests since the fall of communism. Poland needs a period of calm to discuss a ruling by the highest court that bans most ...
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